Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Sejarah Prosesor AMD



Prosesor adalah jantung dari sebuah komputer. Tetapi apa sebenarnya prosesor itu, apakah sama dengan CPU. Berikut adalah ulasan berkaitan sejarah Procesor dari salah satu produsen procesor kenamaan di dunia AMD (Advanced Micro Devices)

Pada awal berdirinya tahun 1969 AMD memproduksi keping logika yang kemudian masuk ke dalam industri keping RAM pada tahun 1975, pada tahun yang sama mereka juga membuat prosesor bit slice (Am2900, Am29116, Am293xx) clone dari intel 8080 yang digunakan di berbagai komputer mini. kemudian mulai membuat design sendiri dengan nama  AMD Am29000 (29k), AMD terus mengembangkan prosesor hingga saat ini telah mengeluarkan puluhan jenis processor dengan berbagai segmentasi. berikut ini merupakan dafar procesor yang telah dikeluarkan oleh AMD

AMD-originated architectures
Am2900 series (1975)
Am2901 4-bit-slice ALU (1975)
Am2902 Look-Ahead Carry Generator
Am2903 4-bit-slice ALU, with hardware multiply
Am2904 Status and Shift Control Unit
Am2905 Bus Transceiver
Am2906 Bus Transceiver with Parity
Am2907 Bus Transceiver with Parity
Am2908 Bus Transceiver with Parity
Am2909 4-bit-slice address sequencer
Am2910 12-bit address sequencer
Am2911 4-bit-slice address sequencer
Am2912 Bus Transceiver
Am2913 Priority Interrupt Expander
Am2914 Priority Interrupt Controller

29000 (29K) (1987–95)
AMD 29000 (aka 29K) (1987)+
AMD 29005 Above without (functional) MMU and BTC
AMD 29027 FPU
AMD 29030
AMD 29050 with on-chip FPU (1990)
AMD 292xx embedded processor

Non-x86 architecture processors
2nd source (1974)
Am9080

2nd source (1982)
Am29X305 (second source for Signetics 8X305 8-bit micro controller)

x86 architecture processors
2nd source (1979–91)
(second-sourced x86 processors produced under contract with Intel)

8086
8088
Am286 (2nd-sourced 80286, so not a proper Amx86 member)
Amx86 series (1991–95)
Am386 (1991)
Am486 (1993)
Am5x86 (a CPU that performed at entry-level Pentium speed on upper-end 486 motherboards) (1995)

K5 architecture (1995)
AMD K5 (SSA5/5k86)

K6 architecture (1997–2001)
AMD K6 (NX686/Little Foot) (1997)
AMD K6-2 (Chompers/CXT)
AMD K6-2-P (Mobile K6-2)
AMD K6-III (Sharptooth)
AMD K6-III-P
AMD K6-2+
AMD K6-III+

K7 architecture (1999–2005)
Athlon (Slot A) (Argon, Pluto/Orion, Thunderbird) (1999)
Athlon (Socket A) (Thunderbird) (2000)
Duron (Spitfire, Morgan, Applebred) (2000)
Athlon MP (Palomino, Thoroughbred, Barton, Thorton) (2001)
Mobile Athlon 4 (Corvette/Mobile Palomino) (2001)
Athlon XP (Palomino, Thoroughbred (A/B), Barton, Thorton) (2001)
Mobile Athlon XP (Mobile Palomino) (2002)
Mobile Duron (Camaro/Mobile Morgan) (2002)
Sempron (Thoroughbred, Thorton, Barton) (2004)
Mobile Sempron

K8 core architecture
K8 series (2003–) Families: Opteron, Athlon 64, Sempron, Turion 64, Athlon 64 X2, Turion 64 X2
Opteron (SledgeHammer) (2003)
Athlon 64 FX (SledgeHammer) (2003)
Athlon 64 (ClawHammer/Newcastle) (2003)
Mobile Athlon 64 (Newcastle) (2004)
Athlon XP-M (Dublin) (2004) Note: AMD64 disabled
Sempron (Paris) (2004) Note: AMD64 disabled
Athlon 64 (Winchester) (2004)
Turion 64 (Lancaster) (2005)
Athlon 64 FX (San Diego) (1st half 2005)
Athlon 64 (San Diego/Venice) (1st half 2005)
Sempron (Palermo) (1st half 2005)
Athlon 64 X2 (Manchester) (1st half 2005)
Athlon 64 X2 (Toledo) (1st half 2005)
Athlon 64 FX (Toledo) (2nd half 2005)
Turion 64 X2 (Taylor) (1st half 2006)
Athlon 64 X2 (Windsor) (1st half 2006)
Athlon 64 FX (Windsor) (1st half 2006)
Athlon 64 X2 (Brisbane) (2nd half 2006)
Athlon 64 (Orleans) (2nd half 2006)
Sempron (Manila) (1st half 2006)
Sempron (Sparta)
Opteron (Santa Rosa)
Opteron (Santa Ana)
Mobile Sempron

K10 core architecture
K10 series CPUs (2007-)
Opteron (Barcelona) (10 September 2007)
Phenom FX (Agena FX) (Q1 2008)
Phenom X4 (9-series) (Agena) (19 November 2007[1])
Phenom X3 (8-series) (Toliman) (April 2008[2])
Athlon 6-series (Kuma) (February 2007[3])
Athlon 4-series (Kuma) (2008)
Athlon X2 (Rana) (Q4 2007)
Sempron (Spica)
Opteron (Budapest)
Opteron (Shanghai)
Opteron (Magny-Cours)
Phenom II (X4 in January 8, 2009, X6 in April 27, 2010)
Athlon II
Turion II (Caspian)

K10 series APUs (2011-)
Llano AMD Fusion (K10 cores + Redwood-class GPU) (launch Q2 2011)

Bulldozer module architecture
Bulldozer series CPUs (2011–)

Interlagos Opteron (Bulldozer core) (launch Q4 2011)
Zambezi (Bulldozer core) (launch Q4 2011)
Vishera (Piledriver core) (launch Q4 2012)

Bobcat core architecture
Bobcat series APUs (2011-)

Ontario (Bobcat cores + Cedar-class GPU) (launch Q1 2011)

Zacate (Bobcat cores + Cedar-class GPU) (launch Q1 2011)


 Jaguar - Successor to Bobcat. Kabini and Temash. Puma - Successor to Jaguar. Beema and Mullins.


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